Germanys bars, restaurants, theaters, concert halls, gyms and tattoo parlors are shuttered to stem a sharp rise in coronavirus cases. France and Ireland have also moved to shut down large swaths of society. But in all three countries, students and teachers are still in classrooms.
Europe has largely steered clear of controversy from parents or teachers about reopening school after the springs initial wave, or whether to keep schools open as the virus has returned. Distance learning, or the hybrid of in-person and online learning, is not offered in most European countries.
Instead, the continents leaders have largely adopted the advice of experts who contend that the public health risks of keeping children in school are outweighed by educational and social benefits, reports our colleague Melissa Eddy, a correspondent based in Berlin.
We cannot and will not allow our children and young peoples futures to be another victim of this disease, said Micheal Martin, the Irish prime minister, in a national address. They need their education.
Chancellor Angela Merkel of Germany cited the dramatic social consequences of closing schools and day care centers during the lockdown in March and April. To name it clearly: Violent assaults against women and children increased dramatically, Ms. Merkel said.
Children account for less than 5 percent of all cases of reported coronavirus in the 27 countries of the European Union and Britain, according to a study by the European Center for Disease and Prevention and Control. The agency found that school closures would be unlikely to provide significant additional protection of childrens health.
The risk of keeping schools open is certainly not zero, as the experience of Israel has shown. But countries in Europe are trying to mitigate the dangers by requiring masks, social distancing and in some cases opening classroom windows for better ventilation. And there is still a chance that schools might close: If a German regions rate of infection rises to more than 50 cases per 100,000 people, the government recommends that schools move to blended or distanced learning.
We say, yes keep schools open, and keep following the rules for the levels of infection, said Heinz-Peter Meidinger, president of the German Teachers Association. But do not keep schools open at any price.
Sharon Mitchler changed her due date philosophy.
Although she was hardly strict with extensions before, Mitchler, a community college professor in Washington State, knew she had to respond to the pandemic. Instead of deadlines, she now has best by dates. The phrasing came to her in the grocery store.
Heres the thing, she said in a video sent to her class, which she also posted to Twitter. This is the middle of a pandemic.
Many of her students at Centralia College, a community college located halfway between Portland, Ore. and Seattle, do not have internet at their homes. Others are trying to keep or find jobs after the economic shake-up. Many are parents themselves, trying to help their own students learn.
Thats all totally fine, she said, especially right now, life can get in the way. Theres no penalty for anything that comes in late in this class, Mitchler, who teaches English and Humanities, said in the video.
About a third of her class who range from teenagers to middle-age students, hand in work past the best by date each week, most just by a day or two. Some, like Sheila Vazquez, sometimes need to take a little longer. Her aunt died from the coronavirus a few weeks ago. School just wasnt front of mind.
I was definitely not thinking about my papers at all, said Vazquez, 18, who is enrolled through Running Start, a program that allows 11th and 12th graders in Washington State to take college courses at technical and community colleges.
It just made me feel more comfortable, she continued. I knew that once I was ready to start working on my work, I could come back to it.
Some might see best by dates as an easy way for students to slack off. Students learn time management in school, and the real world has deadlines. But Mitchler sees that criticism as ill-informed.
That response assumes that students have equal access and lives that are able to be focused only on school, she said in an interview. And thats not reality.
Courtney Meyer, another Running Start student, has spotty internet at her house. Although she received a hot spot for remote learning, Meyer, 17, does not have reliable cell service. Once, to attend class, she left her house, called a friend and asked her to hold the phone up to the computer. Sometimes, she drives to town. I just find an empty parking lot and hope I dont get killed, she said, laughing.
Still, Meyer is a week ahead in Mitchlers class. Shes motivated, she said. Its the first work she does when she gets home.
Its a mutual respect thing, Meyer said. I respect her more as a teacher because she understands that my Wi-Fi might go out and be terrible, and she also cares.
A good read: Washington State University and Eastern Washington University both had large outbreaks, even when classes were online. Public health officials say thats because its not college itself driving the spread of Covid-19, Wilson Criscione writes in The Inlander newspaper. Rather, its the college experience. That includes the Greek life, parties and small social gatherings in dormitories.
Were in for a pretty bonkers few days. Saturday is Halloween (here are tips for a safe holiday). On Sunday, we set the clocks back (here are tips for helping your kids adjust). And then on Tuesday, its Election Day.
But for teenagers, this whole period of time is out of whack. Some are worried about meeting basic needs, like housing and food access. Many are dealing with mental health concerns.
A lot of teens who have friction with their parents, or may not feel accepted by their parents for any variety of reasons, said Lisa Damour, a clinical psychologist and the author of our Adolescence column, and for whom going to school each day and being around the good grown-ups of school, were how they were getting through their adolescence.
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